The higher education establishment breathed a sigh of relief in June when the Supreme Court’s split decision in the Michigan cases allowed the continued use of race in admissions. But a careful reading of Grutter v. Bollinger and Gratz v. Bollinger suggests that the decisions ensure only a temporary and limited reprieve for race-based admissions policies. Already, a roadmap for a continuing legal challenge to these policies is clear. That roadmap can yield substantial improvements over the status quo in the short term, and, in the long term, may hasten the decline and eventual elimination of race-based admissions.