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On April 18, 2007, the Supreme Court ruled that the Federal Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003 does not violate a constitutional right to abortion. The 5-4 decision in the case, Gonzales v. Carhart, upheld, for the first time, a law that bans a specific abortion method, even though it does not contain an explicit exception for considering the mother’s health.
The action now moves to the states, where many legislatures are expected to consider new abortion restrictions and strengthen old ones. This whirlwind of action in state legislatures will likely produce accompanying activity before the nation’s courts, since new abortion restrictions are likely to be challenged.