Prior to the Seventeenth Amendment in 1913, U.S. senators were appointed by their state legislators and not directly elected by the people. Professors Wendy Schiller from Brown University and Todd Zywicki from George Mason University discuss the genesis of the amendment and how it fundamentally changed American politics. 

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Related Links:

Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment by Wendy Schiller & Steward III, Charles

Landmark Legislation: The Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution

Differing Views:

Want to Fix the Senate? Repeal the 17th Amendment

Is it time to repeal the 17th Amendment?

Some Conservatives Want to Repeal the 17th Amendment. Here’s Why They’re Misguided.

Why repealing the 17th Amendment wouldn't fix the Senate