Few areas of law are the source of more contentious litigation than education cases, particularly regarding school financing and school choice. The decisions issued by courts in these cases directly impact the lives of students, parents, teachers and taxpayers in every state in which they are decided.  This issue looks at two particular sub-sets of education cases: those dealing with judicially compelled or managed state aid to public schools and those dealing with school choice and voucher programs. In each category, this issue analyzes national data, then looks at specific merit selection (also known as “Missouri Plan”) states where courts have issued “activist” decisions.