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On Friday, May 13, the Department of Education and the Department of Justice jointly released new guidance outlining how educators are to interpret Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972; specifically in the context of transgender students. Under Title IX, schools that receive federal money must not discriminate on the basis of a student’s sex. Friday’s new guidance directs that educators are to consider a student’s sex to mean the gender with which that student self-identifies, not the gender on their birth certificate. Key implications of the guidance are that students will participate in sex-segregated activities and use bathroom facilities according to self-identification, regardless of what school records or identification documents indicate. Our expert discussed the implications of the new guidance.


  • M. Edward Whelan, President, Ethics and Public Policy Center