In March of 2020, governors across the United States implemented "lockdowns" to combat the COVID-19 pandemic, limiting the operation of many businesses in an attempt to slow the spread of the virus. Many of these measures have been relaxed or eliminated over the last year, but most states still have restrictions of some kind in place.

These restrictions have drawn criticism on both substantive and procedural grounds – is it reasonable to force many businesses to close (some permanently) rather than allow them to attempt to operate in a virus-safe manner? And, even if the restrictions are good policy, should governors have the power to enact them unilaterally without input from state legislatures?

On the flip side, many argue that despite their immediate economic costs, the lockdowns were necessary to stem the spread of a virus that has claimed more than 550,000 American lives. Additionally, many contend that governors are uniquely positioned to respond rapidly to the ever-changing landscape of a pandemic.

In this Fourth Branch video, legal experts and business owners affected by the restrictions weigh in on the debate.

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As always, the Federalist Society takes no position on particular legal or public policy issues; all expressions of opinion are those of the speaker.